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Short Takes: October 10, 2013

2013 October 10

Denial of U.S Citizenship Based on Law That Doesn’t Exist

article314A recent Associated Press article reports that “an untold number” of people have been turned down for U.S. citizenship based on a nonexistent provision of the Mexican constitution: “For more than two decades, Sigifredo Saldana Iracheta, 49, insisted he was a US citizen, repeatedly explaining to immigration officials that he was born to an American father and a Mexican mother in a city just south of the Texas border. The federal government rejected his claims, deporting him at least four times and at one point detaining him for nearly two years as he sought permission to join his wife and three children in South Texas.
            “In rejecting Saldana’s bid for citizenship, the government sought to apply an old law that cited Article 314 of the Mexican Constitution, which supposedly dealt with legitimizing out-of-wedlock births. But there was a problem: The Mexican Constitution has no such article.”  Read more…

Post-Traumatic Stress – Not Necessarily a “Disorder”

A release from the University of Vermont describes a program of the school’s Behavior Therapy and Psychotherapy Center, directed by Karen Fondacaro. The Center has provided psychological services to more than 300 traumatized refugees from 29 countries, sixty-seven percent of them torture survivors. Fondacaro criticizes the commonly-used label, PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), instead referring to “PTS.” “These are not disordered people,” she says, stressing that what is “disordered” is the experience they have been put through. “You’ve been given a story that nobody would ever ask for, and you have the right to tell whomever you want or never tell anybody.” Given control of the timing and manner of the telling, the article notes, even those survivors who were initially resistant, have ended up sharing their stories.  Read more…

MilgramFamous “Shock Machine”
Experiments Revisited

In a recent Boston Globe article, Christopher Shea looks at the 50-year impact of Stanley Milgram’s seminal experiments demonstrating the extent to which ordinary people might be willing to subject others to pain – in effect, torture – when told to do so by an authority figure. Shea, a contributing writer for the Journal of Higher Education, surveys a range of analyses and critiques over the decades, noting that one problem in confronting the question is that Milgram’s experiments – or anything like them – cannot be replicated under current standards of research ethics.  Read more…

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